Although artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) has become an established treatment for moderate to severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI), implantation can be challenging. This study aimed to review the outcomes of laparoscopic AUS (LAUS) implantation and revision in women presenting with SUI.
We reviewed the files of female patients presenting with moderate to severe SUI treated with LAUS implantation from October 2007 to July 2017. Surgeries were performed by one surgeon experienced in open AUS implantation and starting LAUS implantation. The primary endpoint was postoperative urinary continence, which was divided into three categories: complete continence, improved continence, and unchanged incontinence. The secondary outcomes were complications, explantation-free and revision-free time.
A total of 49 women (mean age 64 years, range 40-80) had LAUS implantation. Among the 42 patients (85.7%) with an AUS in place at the last follow-up, 25 (59.5%) were fully continent, 16 (38.1%) had improved continence, and 1 (2.4%) had unchanged incontinence. At the last follow-up, 29 (59.2%) patients had their initial AUS and 13 (26.5%) had at least one reintervention. There were 9 (18.4%) intraoperative complications and 25 (51%) postoperative complications, of which 9 (18.4%) were Clavien⩾3. After a median follow-up of 4 years, 9 (18.4%) explantations and 11 (22.5%) revisions occurred. The average period without explantation or revision was 3.7 and 3.1 years, respectively.
Our study shows that the laparoscopic approach for AUS implantation is an efficient treatment option for women with moderate to severe SUI.
World journal of urology. 2021 Jan 02 [Epub ahead of print]
Alice Schroeder, Pierre Munier, Christian Saussine, Thibault Tricard
Department of Urology, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Hôpitaux Universitaire de Strasbourg 1 Place de L'Hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France. ., Department of Urology, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Hôpitaux Universitaire de Strasbourg 1 Place de L'Hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France.