Nephrometry score matched robotic vs. laparoscopic vs. open partial nephrectomy

To compare perioperative outcomes in the three most common partial nephrectomy modalities: robotic (RPN), laparoscopic (LPN), and open (OPN), matched for nephrometry scores. Patients aged 16-85 who underwent RPN, LPN, or OPN from 2007 to 2014 for localized renal carcinoma within our healthcare system were enrolled. Age, sex, body mass index, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) as well as perioperative outcomes of estimated blood loss (EBL), length of hospital stay (LOS), ischemia time (IT), change in eGFR, positive margin rate, operative time (OT), and emergency room visit rates were compared between RPN, LPN, and OPN using the R.E.N.A.L nephrometry score. A total of 862 patients underwent partial nephrectomy (523 LPN, 176 OPN, and 163 RPN). Patients who underwent OPN were significantly older, and had higher nephrometry scores and CCI. When matched for nephrometry scores, minimally invasive (LPN and RPN) compared to OPN had lower EBL (< 0.0001), shorter LOS (< 0.0001), shorter IT (< 0.001), and less change in eGFR (< 0.001), particularly in nephrometry scores higher than 8 (0.0099). Comparing RPN with LPN, RPN had significantly shorter OT in all nephrometry scores (< 0.001); shorter IT and LOS in nephrometry scores higher than 7. Our study suggests that minimally invasive partial nephrectomy may have superior outcomes to OPN when matched by nephrometry scores, particularly at higher scores and for RPN. This finding may contribute to a surgeon's decision in the approach to partial nephrectomy.

Journal of robotic surgery. 2018 Mar 19 [Epub ahead of print]

Pooya Banapour, George A Abdelsayed, Zoe Bider-Canfield, Peter A Elliott, Patrick S Kilday, Gary W Chien

Department of Urology, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, 4900 Sunset Blvd, 2nd Floor, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA., Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente, 100 S. Los Robles, Pasadena, CA, 91101, USA., Department of Urology, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, 4900 Sunset Blvd, 2nd Floor, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA. .

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