Health Disparities in the Appropriate Management of Cryptorchidism.

To assess regional practices in management of cryptorchidism with regard to timely fixation by the current recommended age of 18 months.

A retrospective study was performed. Charts of all patients who underwent surgical correction for cryptorchidism by a pediatric general surgeon or urologist within a tertiary pediatric hospital in an urban setting were systematically reviewed.

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The role of upper airway obstruction and snoring in the etiology of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis in children.

This study evaluated the necessity of examining the upper airway in children with nocturnal enuresis. 225 children (aged 5-16 years), who were referred from the urology outpatient clinic between May 2015 and May 2016 and who had completed toilet training, were included in this study.

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European Census on Pediatric Surgery.

Background Detailed data on the distribution of pediatric surgical institutions in Europe are sparse. Therefore, the Section and Board of Pediatric Surgery of the Union of European Medical Specialists (UEMS) and the European Pediatric Surgeons' Association (EUPSA) jointly organized the first official census of the European centers of pediatric surgery (PS).

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One-stage repair of proximal hypospadias with severe chordee by in situ tubularization of the transverse preputial island flap.

To investigate a modified transverse preputial island flap repair which is performed in an attempt to reduce the complications following one-stage repair of proximal hypospadias with chordee.

Briefly, the two ends of the flap were trimmed into V shape and anastomosed with the spatulated urethra proximally and urethral plate distally before tubularization.

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Fertility Preservation for Transgender Adolescents.

To describe fertility preservation (FP) utilization by transgender adolescents within a pediatric gender clinic between July 2013 and July 2016.

A retrospective chart review was conducted to abstract demographic and clinical information among adolescents initiating gender-affirming hormones, including patient age at initial FP consultation, birth-assigned sex, race/ethnicity, and outcome of FP consultation.

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A case of epidermoid median raphe cyst traversing the corpora cavernosa.

Median raphe cysts are congenital lesions that typically have a superficial appearance. We present a very unusual case of a deep perineal mass in a six-year-old boy. The lesion extends into the corpus cavernosum, suggesting that the anomaly was an early embryological event.

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Utility of a routine urinalysis in children who require clean intermittent catheterization.

Children who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) frequently have positive urine cultures. However, diagnosing a urinary tract infection (UTI) can be difficult, as there are no standardized criteria.

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Bladder and bowel dysfunction in children: An update on the diagnosis and treatment of a common, but underdiagnosed pediatric problem.

Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families.

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Prenatal myelomeningocele repair: Do bladders better?

Prenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair has been proven to significantly reduce the need for hydrocephalus shunting and improve lower-extremity motor outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prenatal MMC repair on the urological outcome.

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Congenital Anomalies of Penis: New Book in Pediatric Urology

Congenitial Anomalies of Penis: This book provides comprehensive but concise data for congenital diseases of the penis, explaining the embryological and anatomical background, incidence, historical background, investigation approaches, imaging and management of each condition. 
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Validation of the ureteral diameter ratio for predicting early spontaneous resolution of primary vesicoureteral reflux.

Management of primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) remains controversial, and reflux grade currently constitutes an important prognostic factor. Previous reports have demonstrated that distal ureteral diameter ratio (UDR) may be more predictive of outcome than vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) grade.

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Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder in a pediatric patient.

Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder in children and adolescents is rare. The World Health Organization database has recorded approximately 80 patients under age 16 that have been diagnosed with papillary bladder tumour since 1968.

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Dose Estimation in Pediatric Nuclear Medicine.

The practice of nuclear medicine in children is well established for imaging practically all physiologic systems but particularly in the fields of oncology, neurology, urology, and orthopedics. Pediatric nuclear medicine yields images of physiologic and molecular processes that can provide essential diagnostic information to the clinician.

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Upper Pole Heminephrectomy Versus Lower Pole Ureteroureterostomy for Ectopic Upper Pole Ureters.

Ureteral duplication and ectopic upper pole ureters are commonly associated with renal pathology, including vesicoureteral reflux, obstruction, infection, and renal function loss. There remains no consensus on the most appropriate management of these complex patients.

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Treatment of multiple synchronous misdiagnosed renal cell cancers in a young patient affected by a "de novo" Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome occurring in one out of 36,000 live births. Diagnosis could be a challenge in patients with no familial VHL history. Renal cancer (RCC) represents one of the most important manifestations.

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Super-mini PCNL (SMP): Material, indications, technique, advantages and results.

To introduce an emerging technique termed 'super-mini- percutaneous nephrolithotomy' (SMP) and describe its application in practice.

We described the technique of SMP in the treatment of renal stones with emphasis on the material, indications, technique procedure, advantages, and results.

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Long-Term Results Of Ileal Ureteric Replacement - A 25 Years Single Centre Experience.

To report the long-term outcome of ileal ureteric replacement (IUR) in complex reconstruction of the urinary tract.

From 1991 to 2016, IUR was performed in 157 patients with structural or functional ureteric loss.

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A case of base rate bias, or are adolescents at a higher risk of developing complications after catheterizable urinary channel surgery?

Adolescents are considered to be at high risk of developing complications after lower genitourinary tract reconstruction. This perception may be due to base rate bias, where clinicians favor specific information (adolescents with complications), while ignoring more general information (number of total adolescents being followed).

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Update on Continent Catheterizable Channels and the Timing of their Complications.

We previously reported catheterizable channel associated outcomes and concluded that the incidence of postoperative complications was greatest in the first 2 years after surgery. At that time our followup was short.

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Platinum plus bortezomib for the treatment of pediatric renal medullary carcinoma: Two cases.

Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) was first described over two decades ago as the seventh sickle nephropathy. Survival after diagnosis with metastatic disease still rarely extends beyond 1 year, with recent reports of median overall survival in patients treated with platinum therapy being just 10 months.

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