Choosing the appropriate ShangRing size for paediatric circumcision using the no-flip technique.

To determine the correct ShangRing size for paediatric circumcision using the no-flip technique.

A cohort of 104 boys (from 6 to 14 years) underwent ShangRing circumcision at Ningbo First Hospital, China.

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Dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy vs. ultrasound for renal parenchymal defects in children.

Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy is the gold standard in the evaluation of renal parenchymal defects and is widely used in the pediatric population. As more recent ultrasound equipment was purchased at our tertiary pediatric centre, our objective was to evaluate if renal ultrasound (US) results are equivalent or sufficient when compared to DMSA scintigraphy in the assessment of renal anomalies.

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Undescended testes: Diagnostic Algorithm and Treatment.

Undescended testis persistently present at the 6th month of life in a term born boy should be treated, with the aim of bringing them to a scrotal position until the 12th month of life. Acquired undescended testes has to be looked for actively and treated at the earliest possible after diagnosis, that might be deferred due to a lack of attention and less access to a regular physical exam in older boys as opposed to infants.

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The Public Health Burden of Lymphatic Malformations in Children: National Estimates in the United States, 2000-2009.

Describe inpatient resource utilization trends in children with lymphatic malformations using a national database.

Kids' inpatient database, years 2000-2009.

Subjects included children 18 years and under with International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 9th revision code: 228.

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Contemporary Demographic, Treatment, and Geographic Distribution Patterns for Disorders of Sex Development.

This study aimed to describe the demographic characteristics, hospital utilizations, patterns of inpatient surgical management, and the overall state/regional variation in surgery rate among patients with disorders of sex development (DSD).

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Phimosis in a 10-yr-old Boy Without Urinary Infection-How to Inform Parents: For Circumcision.

Circumcision can be a viable option for phimosis in a 10-yr-old boy, also if asymptomatic, in the presence of skin alterations or if the parents prefer avoid observation. Morbidity is minimal if the procedure is performed in a hospital setting.

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Enterogenous cyst of pediatric testis: a case report.

An enterogenous cyst is a rare entity categorized as an intestinal cyst. In most cases, enterogenous cysts are seen in the mediastinum, peritoneal cavity, spinal canal, subarachnoid space, and cerebral ventricle.

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Phimosis in a 10-yr-old Boy Without Urinary Infection-How to Inform Parents: Against Circumcision.

In a 10-yr-old boy with no abnormalities or symptoms other than nonretractability of the foreskin, the foreskin should be preserved. If treatment is needed, local corticoid application should be used as first-line therapy, as it gives excellent results in up to 90% of cases, before removing this sensitive part of the body.

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Pediatric Xanthogranulomatous Cystitis: The First Described Case in a Pre-pubertal Male and Review of the Literature.

Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare condition affecting the bladder thought to be caused by chronic inflammation. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in the literature since being first described in 1932.

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Primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and associated factors in a referral continence clinic of Abu Dhabi.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) and its associated factors in a major referral centre for nocturnal enuresis in the City of Abu Dhabi.

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Long-term outcomes of cutaneous vesicostomy in patients with neuropathic bladder caused by spina bifida.

To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent cutaneous vesicostomy for management of neuropathic bladder secondary to spina bifida. We hypothesize that vesicostomy, in select patients, is beneficial to prevent upper urinary tract deterioration (UTD), reduce febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs), and preserve renal function.

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Results of the 3(rd)Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP) cooperative protocol on Wilms tumor (TW2003) and related considerations.

TW2003, the 3(rd) Italian prospective study on Wilms tumor (WT), aimed to improve survival in patients with stage III-IV tumors, de-escalate therapy for stage I-II non-anaplastic tumors, refine the risk stratification of therapy, and develop a national infrastructure for biobanking and central pathology review.

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Agreement between electronic medical records and self-reported urologic domains in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry (NSBPR): Implications for future research.

Self-report (SR) is an efficient data collection method. However, SR data have been shown to be discrepant with medical record (MR) documentation, which raises questions about using SR to supplement retrospective chart review in research.

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The Surgical Management of Bladder Polyps in the Setting of Exstrophy Epispadias Complex (EEC).

To investigate the surgical course for treating bladder polyps in patients with Exstrophy Epispadias Complex (EEC). EEC bladder polyps are unique pathological entities, with a distinct difference between polyps discovered at birth and polyps developed after failed exstrophy closure.

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Urinary tract infection after retrograde urethrogram in children: A multicenter study.

The risk of post-procedural urinary tract infection (ppUTI) after retrograde urethrogram (RUG) has not been well quantified. Prophylactic antibiotics may reduce the risk, but must be weighed against the risks of antibiotic resistance.

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Sperm DNA damage measured by sperm chromatin structure assay in men with a history of undescended testes.

The aim of this study was to compare sperm DNA damage between men with a history of congenital undescended testis (UDT) and men with a history of acquired UDT. A long-term follow-up study of men with previous UDT was performed.

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One-stage repair of proximal hypospadias with severe chordee by in situ tubularization of the transverse preputial island flap: Beyond the Abstract

Although more pediatric urologists prefer staged repair for proximal hypospadias with severe chordee right now, we still stick to one stage repair by transverse preputial island flap initially reported by Dr. Duckett. We believe this will benefit children and their families with less surgery and anaesthesia, less cost and shortened waiting time.
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Urothelial papilloma: a rare cause of gross haematuria in childhood.

Bladder urothelial papilloma is extremely rare in the paediatric population. It usually presents as painless gross haematuria and its diagnosis implies a high index of suspicion as other causes of haematuria predominate in this age range.

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ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Urinary Tract Infection-Child.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in young children and may cause pyelonephritis and renal scarring. Long-term complications from renal scarring are low. The role of imaging is to evaluate for underlying urologic abnormalities and guide treatment.

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Bladder Recurrence of Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney 7 Years after Initial Presentation.

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is the second most common pediatric renal malignancy after Wilms tumor. CCSK has the potential to metastasize to distant sites and was historically known as the bone metastasizing renal tumor.

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