Risk factors for a failed trial without catheter following convective water vapor thermal therapy (CWVTT-Rezum).

Convective water vapor thermal therapy (CWVTT-Rezum) is a minimally invasive surgical therapy that is being increasingly utilized for bladder outlet obstruction. Most patients leave the site of care with a Foley catheter in place for a mean reported duration of 3-4 days. A minority of men will fail their trial without catheter (TWOC). We aim to identify the frequency of TWOC failure following CWVTT and its associated risk factors.

Patients who underwent CWVTT at a single institution from October 2018 to May 2021 were retrospectively identified and pertinent data extracted. The primary endpoint was TWOC failure. Descriptive statistics were performed, and rate of TWOC failure was determined. Potential risk factors for failed TWOC were assessed through univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

A total of 119 patients were analyzed. Seventeen percent (20/119) had a failed TWOC on their first attempt. Of those, 60% (12/20) failed in a delayed fashion. In patients who failed, the median number of total TWOC attempts required for success was two (interquartile range [IQR] = 2-3). All patients eventually had a successful TWOC. The median preoperative postvoid residual for successful and failed TWOC was 56 mL (IQR = 15-125) and 87 mL (IQR = 25-367), respectively. Preoperative elevated postvoid residual (unadjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04; adjusted OR 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04) was associated with TWOC failure.

Seventeen percent of patients failed their initial TWOC after CWVTT. Elevated postvoid residual was associated with TWOC failure.

Lower urinary tract symptoms. 2023 May 26 [Epub ahead of print]

Michael D Felice, Kaylin Kim, Sarang Janakiraman, Gaurav Pahouja, William Adams, Erin Fruth, Ahmer Farooq, Kevin T McVary

Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois, USA.