Trends in minimally invasive surgical therapies for overactive bladder management in Australia.

To evaluate the national trends in minimally invasive surgical therapies (MIST) for overactive bladder (OAB) in Australia over the past decade.

Annual MIST data were extracted using the Australian Medicare Benefit Schedule (MBS) on intravesical botulinum toxin (BTX), sacral nerve modulators (SNM) and percutaneous tibial nerve stimulators (PTNS) performed between 2010 and 2021. Population-adjusted rates of these procedures were compared in relation to individual states and against the introduction of various OAB drugs during the intervening years.

The overall national utilization of MIST for OAB has increased over the last decade. The data reflect a rapid uptake in PTNS over the last 2 years following its introduction compared to the relatively steady increase in BTX and SNM over the past decade. There was minimal difference in SNM lead and generator placement, suggesting perhaps the conversion of trial SNM to permanent SNM has been relatively stable across the years. In contrast, there was an increase in PTNS maintenance in the following years following the initial rise in the PTNS treatment initiation. The introduction of various OAB drugs in the market did not seem to significantly affect the pattern of MIST uptake.

Despite the introduction of various OAB drugs, the overall MIST has increased steadily over the last decade, especially with PTNS. Further exploration into the motivators for specific MIST and cost-benefit analysis of these MIST for OAB is warranted.

Lower urinary tract symptoms. 2022 Sep 13 [Epub ahead of print]

Paul Brian Ng Hung Shin, Handoo Rhee, Eric Chung

The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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