Holmium laser enucleation and water vapor thermal therapy for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: A cost analysis.

To perform a cost analysis of the current gold standard operation of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) compared to the new technique of water vapor thermal therapy with the Rezum™ system for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Between October 2017 and January 2020, consecutive patients with invalidating lower urinary tract symptoms due to BPH who underwent Rezūm™ and HoLEP procedures from the Aix regional hospital were identified. The outcome of each technique was assessed in terms of cost from the institutional perspective. Detailed expense reports based were provided by the accounts department of the hospital. These were used to compare in-hospital costs for each procedure.

A total of 53 and 94 consecutive patients underwent respectively water vapor thermal therapy and HoLEP. The median costs for the surgical procedure were €1344 (IQR 1331-1361) and €669 (IQR 584-824), respectively for Rezūm™ and HoLEP (median difference €675; P<0.001). The median costs of the hospital stay were €869 (IQR 869-869) for Rezūm™ and €1295 (IQR 1295-1330) for HoLEP (median difference €426; P<0.001). Finally, the median total costs per patient were lower for HoLEP (€2005 [IQR 1902-2150]) than for Rezūm™ (€2228 [IQR 2209-2243]) procedure, and the median difference of €233 was significant (P<0.001).

One of the anticipated benefits of Rezūm™, reduced length of hospital stay with an associated reduction in cost, did not materialize within this study. The patient's clinical condition and expectations should also be taken into account when deciding between Rezum™ and standard therapies.


Progres en urologie : journal de l'Association francaise d'urologie et de la Societe francaise d'urologie. 2021 Jun 17 [Epub ahead of print]

A Atamian, M Fourmarier, C Alegorides, F Bottet, F Arroua, C Eghazarian, M Baboudjian

Department of urology, Aix-en-Provence Hospital, Aix-en-Provence, France., Department of urology, Aix-en-Provence Hospital, Aix-en-Provence, France; Department of urology and kidney transplantation, La Conception Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, AP-HM, Marseille, France. Electronic address: .