Double J or transrenal transanastomotic stent in laparoscopic pyeloplasty in infants and children: A comparative study and our technique - Abstract

Purpose: We compared our experience with intra- and extracorporeal stenting in laparoscopic transabdominal pyeloplasty in children and adolescents.

As the placement of transanastomotic stents during laparoscopy can be difficult, we developed a technique for laparoscopic transrenal stent placement.

Subjects and Methods: Eighty-six consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal pyeloplasty in our institution from December 2003 to November 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Initially we antegradely placed the double J catheter (n=48), whereas in later patients transrenal/transcutaneous stents were inserted (n=38), either via a cannula from the flank (n=33) or from the inside-out by transrenal puncture using a specially constructed spear (n=5). End points of the analysis were stent-related technical problems and complications and the need for reoperation.

Results: Sixty-two boys and 24 girls with a mean age of 5.6 years (range, 78 days-17.3 years) and mean weight of 22.1 kg (range, 5.5-71 kg) underwent laparoscopic transabdominal pyeloplasty. The most common technical problem in the double J group was inability to place the double J catheter in 9 of the 48 patients. In combination with other complications such as dislocations, urinary tract infections, or catheter occlusions, this led to an overall complication rate of 35% in the group that underwent double J catheter insertion versus 13% in the group with transrenal stenting (P< .05). In the whole series, 4 patients required a redo pyeloplasty, all of them in the double J group.

Conclusions: We recommend transrenal stents to facilitate stent removal without general anesthesia and to minimize complications such as stent dislocation. The initial experience with our simple device for transrenal puncture and stent placement is promising.

Written by:
Zoeller C, Lacher M, Ure B, Petersen C, Kuebler JF.   Are you the author?
Center of Pediatric Surgery Hannover, Hannover Medical School and Bult Children's Hospital, Hannover, Germany.

Reference: J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2014 Feb 25. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1089/lap.2013.0338

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24568602 Endourology Section