The efficacy of radiographic anatomical measurement methods in predicting success after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for lower pole kidney stones - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of lower pole calyceal anatomy on clearance of lower pole stones after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) by means of a new and previously defined radiographic measurement method.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients with solitary radiopaque lower pole kidney stones were enrolled in the study. Infundibulopelvic angle (IPA), infundibulotransverse angle (ITA), infundibular lenghth(IL), and infundibular width (IW) were measured on the intravenous urographies which were taken before the procedure.

RESULTS: 48 of 64 patients (75%) were stone-free after a follow-up period of 3 months. The IPA,ITA,IL and IW were determined as statistically significant factors, while age,gender and stone area were found to have no impact on clearance.

CONCLUSION: By the help of radiographic measurement methods related to lower pole kidney anatomy, appropriate patient selection and increment in success after ESWL may be achieved.

Written by:
Arpali E, Altinel M, Sargin SY.   Are you the author?
Istanbul Memorial Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; Urology, Turk Bobrek Vakfi Memorial Hizmet Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; Urology, Eskisehir Acibadem Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Reference: Int Braz J Urol. 2014 May-Jun;40(3):337-45.
doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.03.07

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25010316 Endourology Section