Comparison of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: SP versus XI, a single surgeon experience.

Currently, there is a paucity of data regarding Single Port (SP) robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). Our objective was to compare our single-institution single-surgeon SP RALP experience to our XI RALP experience with regard to patient selection, perioperative data, and outcomes. Patients who underwent prostatectomy at our institution between August 2019 and April 2021 were selected for analysis. All patients had biopsy confirmed prostate cancer. All surgeries were performed by one urologist at our institution to limit inter-surgeon variability. Demographic and clinical information were extracted from the medical record in standardized fashion. All documented classifications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system. Patients with previous prostate cancer therapies were excluded. Categorical variables were compared using Chi-square or Fisher's exact test where appropriate. Continuous variables were compared using t tests or Wilcoxon rank sum tests where appropriate. Complete records were available for 208 patients. Of the total patient population 127 (61.1%) underwent SP prostatectomy compared to 81 (38.9%) underwent XI prostatectomy. There was no significant difference between the two cohorts in terms of mean age (65 vs. 66 years; p = 0.60), BMI (29.2 vs. 30.1; p = 0.22), preop ASA score ≥ 3 (68.5% vs. 64.2%; p = 0.52), or preop PSA (7.1 vs. 7.4, p = 0.94). There no difference in procedure time for SP prostatectomy (170 vs. 168 min, p = 0.035), estimated blood loss (100 vs. 100 mL; p = 0.14), or average length of stay (1 vs. 1 days; p = 0.22). There was a significant difference in Gleason grade group between the two cohorts with patients undergoing XI RALRP more likely to have higher stage disease (p = 0.025) and a trend towards higher D'Amico risk scores in the XI group (p = 0.053). There was no difference in rate of positive surgical margins (29.9% vs. 29.6%; p = 0.96). There was no difference in the distribution of complications between the two groups (p = 0.99) with 89% of patients having no complication. There was no difference in the number of lymph nodes removed by modality (p = 0.94). To date, this study represents one of the largest cohorts of patients who underwent SP RALP. Importantly, it is among the first studies comparing perioperative variables between the SP and XI platforms. As surgeons become more facile with the SP system there appear to minimal differences in patient factors, perioperative results, or outcomes between the platforms. These findings provide evidence that surgeons who are competent on the XI platform can confidently perform SP RALPs through a single incision without compromising outcomes.

Journal of robotic surgery. 2023 Sep 22 [Epub ahead of print]

Samit Sunny Roy, Aditya A Sathe, Matthew J Watson, Amar Singh

University of Tennessee College of Medicine - Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA. ., University of Tennessee College of Medicine - Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA.