Impact of surgical experience on stone-free rates of ureteroscopy for single urinary calculi of the upper urinary tract: A matched-paired analysis of 600 patients - Abstract

Introduction: To evaluate the impact of surgical experience on ureteroscopic stone-free rates (SFR) and complication rates (CR) for the treatment of urinary calculi of the upper urinary tract.

Methods: We evaluated retrospectively, patients (n=300) having undergone ureteroscopy (URS) for single urinary calculi treated by residents (n=12) at our department over a 6-year period. These patients were matched according to age, gender, body-mass index, and stone side/size/site with patients (n=300) treated by consultants (n=5) of our department during the same period. Patient data, primary SFR, and CR were compared.

Results: The mean±standard deviation (range) stone size was 6.39±3.26 (2-20) mm. The primary SFR after one URS procedure was 95.2% and did not differ between residents and consultants (95% vs 95.3%, p=0.489). The SFR were 95.9% and 98.5% for ureteral stones (p=0.125) and 93.2% and 89.3% for kidney stones (p=0.298) in the resident and consultant group, respectively. The SFR differed significantly between ureteral and kidney stones (97.2% vs 91.3%, p≤ 0.001). Perioperative complications occurred in a total of 63 patients (10.5%): Clavien 1: 3.8%, Clavien 2: 2%, Clavien 3a: 1.8%, and Clavien 3b: 2.8%, respectively. There were no differences in the total CR between residents (12%) and consultants (9%) (p=0.2116). However, the ureteral perforation rate was significantly higher in residents compared with consultants (4.3% vs 1.3%, p≤ 0.027).

Conclusions: URS is a safe and efficacious procedure for the treatment of single urinary calculi. Resident status does not compromise the SFR after ureteroscopic treatment of single urinary calculi. However, the incidence of ureteral perforation was associated with surgeon's experience.

Written by:
Netsch C, Knipper AS, Orywal AK, Tiburtius C, Gross AJ.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Asklepios Hospital Barmbek, Hamburg, Germany.

Reference: J Endourol. 2014 Aug 21. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1089/end.2014.0301

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25025987 Endourology Section