Current status of various neurovascular bundle-sparing techniques in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Nerve-sparing procedures during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) have demonstrated improved postoperative functional outcomes. This article provides an overview of clinically applied prostatic neuro-anatomy, various techniques of nerve sparing (NS), and recent innovations in NS and potency outcomes of NS RARP. We retrieved and reviewed all listed publications within PubMed using keywords: nerve sparing, robotic radical prostatectomy, prostate cancer, outcomes, pelvic neuroanatomy and potency. Studies reporting potency outcomes of NS RARP (comparative and non-comparative) were analysed using the Delphi method with an expert panel of urological robotic surgeons. Herein, we outline the published techniques of NS during RARP. Potency and continence outcomes of individual series are discussed in light of the evidence provided by case series and published trials. The potency outcomes of various comparative and non-comparative series of NS RARP have also been mentioned. There are numerous NS techniques reported for RARP. Each method is complimented with benefits and constrained by idiosyncratic caveats, and thus, careful patient selection, a wise intraoperative clinical judgment and tailored approach for each patient is required, when decision for nerve sparing is made. Further large prospective multi-institutional randomized controlled trials are required to evaluate potency and continence outcomes of these techniques, using a rigid standard patient selection criteria and definition of potency are warranted in the new era of functional outcome-driven research.

Journal of robotic surgery. 2016 Jun 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Anup Kumar, Sarvesh Tandon, Srinivas Samavedi, Vladimir Mouraviev, Anthony S Bates, Vipul R Patel

Department of Urology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine and Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital-Celebration Health, Florida, USA. ., VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India., Department of Urology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine and Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital-Celebration Health, Florida, USA., Department of Urology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine and Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital-Celebration Health, Florida, USA., Department of Urology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine and Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital-Celebration Health, Florida, USA., Department of Urology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine and Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital-Celebration Health, Florida, USA.

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe