Primary robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RA-RPLND) for men with nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT) is an alternative to open RPLND for stage I and select stage II patients.
To report the complication rates and oncologic outcomes from a multi-institutional series, and to estimate reduction in chemotherapy by using upfront minimally invasive surgery.
A retrospective chart review of men undergoing primary robot-assisted RPLND between 2014 and 2019 in five institutions by eight urologists experienced in testis cancer and robotic surgery.
Variables such as demographic and clinicopathologic information, operative parameters and complication rates, oncologic outcomes, sexual recovery, and hospital length of stay were collected. Descriptive statistics are presented.
Forty-nine patients were analyzed with a median follow-up of 15.0 mo (interquartile range 6.5-29.1 mo). Median operative time was 288 min, estimated blood loss was 100 ml, and lymph node yield was 32. Median length of stay was 1 d. There were nine postoperative complications, 44% (4/9) of which were Clavien grade 1. There were no Clavien grade IV complications. Twenty-one patients had metastatic NSGCT (42.8%), of whom nine (18.4%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. Four patients experienced recurrence (three out-of-field and one in-field recurrence). Limitations include the retrospective study design and various surgical techniques among surgeons.
Primary robot-assisted RPLND for NSGCT can be performed safely, with low complication rates and acceptable oncologic outcomes reducing the need for chemotherapy. For a population in which compliance with surveillance is typically challenging, robot-assisted RPLND may improve quality of care and outcomes for patients with NSGCT.
In experienced centers, robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection can be performed safely with similar oncologic outcomes to an open approach, while providing an option that may reduce the need for chemotherapy.
European urology focus. 2020 Jul 15 [Epub ahead of print]
Jacob Taylor, Ezequiel Becher, James S Wysock, Andrew T Lenis, Mark S Litwin, Jacob Jipp, Peter Langenstroer, Scott Johnson, Marc A Bjurlin, Hung-Jui Tan, Brian R Lane, William C Huang
NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: ., NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA., University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA., Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA., Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.