Outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with solitary kidneys: A single-center experience - Abstract

Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Istanbul, Turkey.

To evaluate the outcomes, complications, and early and late postoperative kidney function of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with solitary kidneys.

Between 2002 and 2009, 47 patients with a solitary kidney (congenital in 10 patients, 21.3%; contralateral nephrectomy in 22 patients, 46.8%; and nonfunctional kidney in 15 patients, 31.9%) underwent PCNL. Serum creatinine was measured preoperatively, on postoperative day 1, and at each follow-up visit at regular intervals. The 4-variable modification of diet in renal disease equation was used to calculate the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The 5-stage classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was used according to the National Kidney Foundation published guidelines. Of 47 patients, 44 were followed least 6 months, whereas 3 patients were lost to follow-up.

Success was achieved in 84.5% (40/47) of patients after 1 session of PCNL. Complex stones were detected in 32 (68.1%) patients. Among all patients, 23.4% (n = 11) of them required multiple accesses. Complications developed in 5 (10.6%) patients. At a mean follow-up time of 18.7 ± 11.8 (6-60) months, the overall success rate improved to 97.7% after auxiliary treatments. eGFR was 76.4 ± 27.1, 73.4 ± 26.1, and 83.5 ± 29.4 per 1.73 m(2) during preoperative period, immediate postoperative period, and at the last follow-up visit (>6 months), respectively (P < .001). According to CKD classification, kidney function was stable, improved and worse in 63.6% (n = 28), 29.5% (n = 13), and 6.8% (n = 3) of patients, respectively, compared with preoperative levels.

PCNL is safe and has an acceptably low complication rate in patients with solitary kidneys. At long-term follow-up, renal function had stabilized or improved in more than 90% of patients with a solitary kidney after PCNL.

Written by:
Akman T, Binbay M, Tekinarslan E, Ozkuvanci U, Kezer C, Erbin A, Berberoglu Y, Yaser-Muslumanoglu A.   Are you the author?

Reference: Urology. 2011 Feb 10. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2010.12.029

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21316085

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