Preoperative Optimization of Promotility in Robotic Prostatectomy and Minimally Invasive Kidney Surgery.

Patients are routinely discharged postoperative day 1 following minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for prostate cancer and kidney cancer. Delays in discharge are often related to gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting; however, the role of baseline constipation in these symptoms and resultant delays in discharge is unclear. We conducted a prospective observational study to describe the incidence of baseline constipation among patients undergoing MIS prostate and kidney surgery, and its relationship to length of stay (LOS).

Consenting adult patients undergoing MIS procedures for kidney and prostate cancer completed constipation symptom questionnaires perioperatively. Clinicopathological data were collected prospectively. Delay in discharge, defined as LOS >2 days, was the primary outcome. Patients were stratified by the primary outcome and preoperative Patient Assessment of Constipation Symptoms (PAC-SYM) scores were compared.

A total of 97 patients enrolled, of whom 29 underwent radical nephrectomy, 34 underwent robotic partial nephrectomy and 34 underwent robotic prostatectomy. Constipation symptoms were reported in 67/97 patients (69%). A total of 17/97 patients (18%) had a delay in discharge. Patients who discharged on time had a median PAC-SYM score of 2 (IQR 2-9) compared to 4 (IQR 0-7.5) for those with a delay (p=0.021). Patients who had a delay with gastrointestinal symptoms had a median PAC-SYM score of 5 (IQR 1.5-11.5, p=0.032).

Seven out of 10 patients undergoing routine MIS procedures report constipation symptoms, which may represent a target for preoperative interventions to reduce LOS after surgery.

Urology practice. 2022 Feb 09 [Epub]

Derek Jensen, Alexandra Dahlgren, Katie Glavin, Paul Black, David Duchene, William P Parker, Moben Mirza, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein, Eugene K Lee

Department of Urology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas.