Holmium laser en-bloc enucleation of the prostate: Bi-centric prospective evaluation of 109 consecutive cases.

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a validated alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and open prostatectomy (OP) for surgical treatment of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The surgical technique may vary considerably from one surgeon to another. The three-lobe technique remains the reference procedure, but some surgeons claim "en bloc" enucleation could help to shorten enucleation time. Our objective was to prospectively assess the clinical results of "en bloc" HoLEP.

Consecutive 109 patients presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to BPH and selected for surgical treatment were prospectively included in an observational clinical study. There were no exclusion criteria as long as the patient was operated on by one of the two participating surgeons. The surgeons involved had previous experience of more than 200 HoLEP cases, including more than 50 "en bloc" procedures, before starting the clinical study. Clinical data were prospectively collected in a common computerized database and analysed once the 3-month follow-up data were collected including complications, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), post-void residual urine volume (PVR), the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the Quality of life score (QoL).

Overall, 109 consecutive patients were included with median IPSS and QoL score of 20/35 and 5/6 respectively. At inclusion median prostatic size was 70mL, Qmax was 8mL/s, and PVR was160mL. The median length of the complete procedure, the enucleation and the morcellation were, respectively, 41min, 30min and 10min. The mean enucleation efficiency was 1.5g/min, and the mean morcellation efficiency was 4.5g/min. The median bladder catheterization and hospitalization length were of 18hours and 1 day respectively and 41% of patients had day-case procedure. Early post-operative complications were reported in 17 cases (16%) including 3 Clavien IIIb (bladder clot removal in the operating room). At 3-month, the IPSS and QoL decreased to 3/35 and 1/6 while Qmax and PVR improved to 26mL/s and 40mL.

In this bi-centric study evaluating short-term outcomes of the "en bloc" technique, the operating time was very short (41min) with excellent functional outcomes. A prospective clinical trial is necessary to confirm these results are due to the surgical technique itself and not only to the skills of the surgeons.

Progres en urologie : journal de l'Association francaise d'urologie et de la Societe francaise d'urologie. 2021 Jun 18 [Epub ahead of print]

L Gury, R Mallet, G Robert

Department of urology, Pellegrin hospital, Bordeaux, France. Electronic address: ., Department of urology, Périgueux, France., Department of urology, Pellegrin hospital, Bordeaux, France.