Experimental ex-vivo performance study comparing a novel, pulsed thulium solid-state laser, chopped thulium fibre laser, low and high-power holmium:YAG laser for endoscopic enucleation of the prostate.

The aim of this study was to compare the enucleation performances of four different types of laser devices in an ex-vivo experiment: a novel, pulsed Tm:YAG solid-state laser evaluation model (p-Tm:YAG), chopped thulium fibre laser (TFL), low-power Ho:YAG laser (LP-Ho:YAG), and a high-power Ho:YAG laser (HP-Ho:YAG).

Our primary aim was to endoscopically separate the fascial layers of a porcine belly using laser fibres within a time period of 60 s. The size of a "tissue pocket" was assessed numerically. The enucleation characteristics reflecting the surgeon's experience were evaluated via the NASA Task Load Index (TLX) questionnaire and a questionnaire based on Likert scale.

HP-Ho:YAG achieved with the available laser settings the largest overall "tissue pocket" (31.5 cm2) followed by p-Tm:YAG (15 cm2), TFL (12 cm2), and LP-Ho:YAG (6 cm2). The coagulation performances of p-Tm:YAG and TFL were rated the best. In the performance evaluation by the Likert questionnaire, HP-Ho:YAG (average score of 4.06) was rated highest, followed by p-Tm:YAG (3.94), TFL (3.38), and LP-Ho:YAG (3.25). The evaluation of the NASA-TLX performance questionnaire revealed average scores for HP-Ho:YAG, LP-Ho:YAG, TFL and p-Tm:YAG of 4.38, 4.09, 3.92 and 3.90, respectively.

We are the first to compare different laser devices and settings in an ex-vivo study. We found that the surgeons were most satisfied with the HP-Ho:YAG laser device, followed by the p-Tm:YAG. These findings could be highly relevant for future research and for the practical utilisation of laser systems in endourology.

World journal of urology. 2021 Sep 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Mehmet Yilmaz, Julia Esser, Lea Kraft, Ralf Petzold, August Sigle, Christian Gratzke, Rodrigo Suarez-Ibarrola, Arkadiusz Miernik

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, University of Freiburg-Medical Centre, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany., Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, University of Freiburg-Medical Centre, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany. .

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