To present the perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) compared with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for anatomically complex T1b renal tumors with RENAL nephrometry scores ≥7.
One hundred and seventy patients, during the study period, were retrospectively reviewed in our analysis according to inclusion criteria. Propensity score matching (PSM) (1:1) method was applied to impose restrictions on the potential baseline confounders. The comparisons of perioperative and functional outcomes between the RPN and LPN groups were conducted and analyzed after PSM, Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to assess the differences about oncological outcomes between the two groups before and after PSM.
One hundred and nine and 61 T1b renal tumors with RENAL scores ≥7 were identified in the LPN and RPN groups, respectively. All significant differences in baseline characteristics disappeared after PSM. Except for 3 patients missing an appropriate pair, all the patients in the RPN group were successfully matched to 58 patients in the LPN group in a 1:1 ratio. Within the matched cohort, the RPN group was related to a significantly shorter mean operating time (OT) (P = .040), shorter mean warm ischemia time (WIT) (P = .023), and shorter median postoperative hospital stay (P = .023). The possibilities of surgical conversion, postoperative complication, and positive surgical margin were similar in the LPN and RPN groups. And there was also no significant difference in the pathological, renal functional, and oncological outcomes between the two series.
For patients with anatomically complex T1b renal tumors with a RENAL nephrometry score ≥7, RPN had an advantage over LPN in reducing OT, WIT, and postoperative hospital stay length without increasing the risk of complications and weakening the oncological control, while the two surgical methods were similar in renal functional preservation.
Cancer medicine. 2019 Dec 02 [Epub ahead of print]
Wen Deng, Junhua Li, Xiaoqiang Liu, Luyao Chen, Weipeng Liu, Xiaochen Zhou, Jingyu Zhu, Bin Fu, Gongxian Wang
Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China., Department of Urology, Third Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.