INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the reproducibility of video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VEIL) and we report our initial experience in the treatment of penile cancer with palpable inguinal lymph nodes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2006 to November 2010 were conducted 33 VEIL in 20 patients as complementary treatment for penile cancer in two referral hospitals in Latin America. We analyzed the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients and surgical and oncologic outcomes.
RESULTS: Fifty-five percent of the patients included were clinical stage N0 and 45% were N +. Thirteen patients underwent bilateral VEIL and the remaining seven underwent VEIL unilateral and conventional open surgery in the contralateral limb. The average operative time for VEIL was 119minutes and mean resected lymph nodes was 8 per lymphadenectomy. The overall complication rate was 33.2%. No patient had skin necrosis. The lymphatic complication rate was 27.2%. Of the 6 cases in which the saphenous vein was preserved (18.2%) there were no lymphatic complications (P=,2). The overall survival rate was 80% and cancer-specific survival was 90%. Mean follow-up was 20 months.
CONCLUSIONS: VEIL in the adjunctive treatment of penile cancer is safe, reproducible and may be an alternative to conventional lymphadenectomy. Patients with palpable lymphadenopathy also may benefit from this technique. Oncological results seem to be adequate however require longer follow-up to be confirmed.
Romanelli P, Nishimoto R, Suarez R, Decia R, Abreu D, Machado M, Arroyo C, Campolo H, Campos E, Carlos AS, Tobias-Machado M. Are you the author?
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Alberto Cavalcanti, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.
Reference: Actas Urol Esp. 2013 Feb 20. pii: S0210-4806(12)00412-3.
Article in English, Spanish.