Robotic-assisted laparoscopic colposuspension for female stress urinary incontinence: a prospective series.

The suspension of use of sub-urethral mesh in the UK in 2018 has seen the resurgence of colposuspension in female SUI surgery. Open and laparoscopic colposuspension techniques are well recognised. We present data from 28 robotic-assisted laparoscopic colposuspension (RALCp) procedures, reporting on technique, safety and efficacy. Approval was obtained from the hospital New and Novel Procedures Committee. All patients had urodynamic assessment prior to surgery. Data was prospectively gathered and 24-h pad usage and Urinary Incontinence Short Form Questionnaire (ICIQ-UI-SF) scores were used to assess symptom severity and quality of life. PGII scores were used to assess patient satisfaction after the procedure. Paired T test analysis was conducted. Since May 2019, robotic colposuspension has been performed in 28 patients. The mean age and BMI were 49 and 27 (kg/m2), respectively, with a mean follow-up period of 12 months. 67.9% of patients had pure urodynamic SUI and 32.1% of patients had previous anti-SUI surgery. Average operating time was 127 min, blood loss 20 ml and length of stay 2 days. There was a significant 73% improvement in mean 24-h pad usage (p = 0.001) and an improvement in mean ICIQ-UI-SF scores from 18.1 to 9.4 (p = 0.0001). Day 1 mean pain score was 5/10. This is the largest series of its kind. Robotic colposuspension is safe and feasible with significant improvements seen in quality of life scores and number of pads used per day. It presents a minimally invasive treatment option in female SUI, however needs larger volume evaluation and longer follow-up for further evaluation.

Journal of robotic surgery. 2022 Apr 06 [Epub ahead of print]

Nataniel Tan, D Sri, D Tsang, T Nitkunan, C Anderson, H Qazi, R Issa, R Walker, J Seth

St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, Tooting, London, SW17 0QT, UK. ., St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, Tooting, London, SW17 0QT, UK., Epsom and St Helier NHS Trust, Dorking Rd, Epsom, KT18 7EG, UK.

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