Magnetic-Assisted Robotic and Laparoscopic Renal Surgery: Initial Clinical Experience with the LevitaTM Magnetic Surgical System

Introduction The LevitaTM Magnetic Surgical System (LMSS) is a new device that can provide retraction using magnets and can reduce the number of ports used during laparoscopic and robotic surgery. It is FDA approved for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, bariatric surgery, and robotic radical prostatectomy. Our objective was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the magnetic surgical system during renal surgery.

Methods We performed a prospective, single center, single-arm, open-label study to assess the safety and performance of the LMSS. The system includes a deployable, single use magnetic grasper and a reusable external magnet. Selected patients undergoing either laparoscopic or robotic renal surgery from April 2019 to August 2019 were included. Robotic procedures were performed with the DaVinci Xi or SP surgical platforms. Preoperative demographic, intraoperative data and postoperative data were collected and analyzed.

Results A total of 10 procedures were performed using the LMSS. Cases included Xi robotic partial nephrectomy (n=3), Xi robotic radical nephrectomy (n=2), SP robotic partial nephrectomy (n=2), SP robotic pyeloplasty (n=1), laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (n=1), and laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (n=1). No cases required conversion to an open procedure. Issues included one small liver capsular tear from the device jaws requiring fulguration and occasional robotic “recoverable fault” errors when the external magnet was placed too close to the robotic arms. All patients were discharged to home on postoperative day 1 or 2, and there were no readmissions within 30 days.

Conclusions This is the first report on the use of the LMSS for renal surgery. Its use for laparoscopic and robotic renal surgery appears safe and feasible. The grasper is especially useful for exposing the renal hilum during dissection and the ureteropelvic junction during SP robotic procedures, mimicking multiport techniques. Further study is required to optimize use of the LMSS and evaluate its cost effectiveness.

Authors: Fulla, Juan1; Small, Alexander2; Kaplan-Marans, Elie3; Palese, Michael4

  1. Cleveland Clinic
  2. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Urology
  3. The Smith Institute for Urology
  4. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Urology
Source: Fulla, Juan, Alexander Small, Elie Kaplan-Marans, and Michael A. Palese. "Magnetic-Assisted Robotic and Laparoscopic Renal Surgery: Initial clinical experience with the LevitaTM Magnetic Surgical System." Journal of Endourology. 2020 Dec;34(12):1242-1246.