Long-Term Oncological and Functional Outcomes after Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy with Hyperselective Embolization of Tumor Vessels in a Hybrid Operating Room.

Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) after hyperselective embolization of tumor vessels (HETV) in a hybrid operating room (HOR) that combines traditional surgical equipment with advanced imaging technology, is a non-clamping surgical approach to treat localized kidney tumors that has shown promising short-term results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term oncological and functional outcomes of this procedure. All consecutive patients treated for a localized kidney tumor by LPN after HETV between May 2015 and October 2022 in a single academic institution were included in the study. Clinical, pathological and biological data were collected prospectively in the uroCCR database. We evaluated intraoperative data, postoperative complications, surgical margin and modification of renal function after surgery. We included 245 patients. The median tumor size was 3.2 (2.5-4.4) cm. The R.E.N.A.L. complexity was low, medium and high for 104 (43.5%), 109 (45.6%) and 26 (10.9%) patients, respectively. Median LPN time was 75 (65-100) min and median blood loss was 100 (50-300) mL. Surgical postoperative complications occurred in 56 (22.9%) patients with 17 (5.7%) major complications. The median Glomerular Function Rate variation at 6 months was -7.5 (-15--2) mL/min. Malignant tumors were present in 211 (86.1%) patients, and 12 (4.9%) patients had positive surgical margins. After a median follow-up of 27 (8-49) months, 20 (8.2%) patients had a tumor recurrence and 4 (1.6%) died from cancer. At 5 years, disease free survival, cancer specific survival and overall survival rates were 84%, 96.8% and 88.3%, respectively. Performing LPN after HETV in a HOR is a safe and efficient non-clamping approach to treat localized kidney tumors.

Journal of clinical medicine. 2023 Aug 08*** epublish ***

Ulysse Frantz, Antoine Bouvier, Thibaut Culty, Merzouka Zidane, Souhil Lebdai, Pierre Bigot

Department of Urology, Angers University Hospital, 49000 Angers, France., Department of Radiology, Angers University Hospital, 49000 Angers, France., Department of Pathological Anatomy and Cytology, Angers University Hospital, 49000 Angers, France.