Fast prostate retrieval in robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy for next-generation biobanking.

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) has become the most widespread treatment for organ-confined prostate cancer. Here, we describe a fast specimen retrieval technique for RALP to obtain high-quality tissue specimen with minimal warm ischemia time for next-generation biobanking. Here, we show that using fast retrieval technique, short warm ischemia times can be achieved while not increasing the surgical time. Patients undergoing RALP with written informed consent participated in Helsinki Urological Bank study. Previously operated RALP patients and those, who were not willing to participate in the study, served as a control group. The study consisted of 1685 patients, 684 in fast retrieval and 1001 in control group. We developed a novel fast retrieval technique in which fascia is opened for camera port according to the prostate size and a running suture is placed and tightened against the camera port in the beginning of the operation. Immediately after prostate is freed from attachments, suture is loosened and the prostate is extirpated inside the endoscopic bag through the camera port fascial opening, then the fascial suture is again tightened against the camera port and the RALP procedure is completed. The mean warm ischemia times in fast retrieval group were 20 min 18 s and 22 min 30 s, respectively, in patients without and with lymphadenectomy. The mean console and surgery times with and without lymphadenectomy were similar in both groups. There were no technique-related complications associated with Fast Retrieval procedure. Tissue integrity test results for the RNA and DNA quality showed good quality for the specimen. Fast retrieval technique can easily and safely be utilized to maximize usefulness of RALP tissue specimen in downstream biobank applications.

Journal of robotic surgery. 2019 May 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Anssi Petas, Andrew Erickson, Henrikki Santti, Mika Matikainen, Tuomas Mirtti, Antti Rannikko

Department of Urology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. ., Department of Urology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland., Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.