Open retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is the gold standard for surgical management of the retroperitoneum in patients with testicular cancer, and is associated with excellent oncologic outcomes and significant morbidity including length of stay. Minimally invasive RPLND, starting with laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in 1992 and now robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in 2006, endeavor to decrease the morbidity of open RPLND while maintaining excellent oncologic outcomes. This review surveys the literature regarding both primary and post-chemotherapy robotic RPLND, emphasizing that while early outcomes are promising, much work needs to be done before widespread use of this technique is implemented.
Translational andrology and urology. 2020 Apr [Epub]
Shagnik Ray, Phillip M Pierorazio, Mohamad E Allaf
Department of Urology, The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.