Combined top-down approach with low-power thulium laser enucleation of prostate: evaluation of one-year functional outcomes.

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined top and down low power thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP).

Between May 2017 and May 2019, after institutional board review approval, successfully consented patients underwent combined top and down low power ThuLEP. We used a 30 -W Thulium laser with a 550 μm laser fiber and a 26 Fr continuous flow resectoscope. We collected data related to prostate size, enucleation time, morcellation time, perioperative complications, and early outcomes.

Sixty patients underwent combined Top and down low power ThuLEP with mean age 67 ± 8. Acute urine retention was the main indication for surgery in 22% of patients, while the remaining had mean IPPS score 26 ± 3. The mean prostate volume was 102 ± 25 ml and the mean Qmax was 6 ± 2 ml/sec. Mean operative time was 103 ± 25 min, while; mean enucleation time was 80 ± 12 min, and mean morcellation time was 17 ± 6 min. The mean enucleated prostate volume was 73 ± 16 g and the mean hemoglobin drop was 1 ± 0.2 mg/dl. There was no need for blood transfusion and the mean hospital stay was 18 ± 4 h and catheters were removed on discharge. The 1st visit was at one month, and we observed significant mean Qmax improvement18 ± 5 ml/s. Our results showed no significant change of IIEF-5 score at 12-month follow-up compared to baseline.

Low-power Thulium enucleation with a combined top and down technique provided a safe and efficacious outcome, that may reduce strenuous wrist flexion and eliminate the need for high-power Thulium laser device.

World journal of urology. 2021 Jan 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Mohamed Omar, Amr Hodhod, Ahmed Moustafa, Mohamed M Abdullah, Mohamed El Shazly, Manoj Monga

Urology Department, Menoufia University, Shebeen El Kom, Menoufia, Egypt. ., Urology Department, Menoufia University, Shebeen El Kom, Menoufia, Egypt., Urology Department, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.