AUA 2006 - ABST The Endourology Society: Liberty, Education, and a Model for International Relations
Michael C Ost*, Brian A VanderBrink, Ardershir R Rastinhead, Benjamin R Lee, Gopal H Badlani, Arthur D Smith, New Hyde Park, NY.
Introduction and Objective: Since its inception in 1984, the Endourology Society has been at the forefront of international relations through collaborative medical education. As a result, advancements within endourology have often occurred as a joint effort on a global scale. A historical review of the contributions to the development and perpetuation of the Endourology Society in the context of international cooperation is presented.
Methods: Historical Endourology Society documents were examined and personal accounts of the society's founding members were recorded. A literature search using PubMed was conducted to obtain original publications on percutaneous renal surgery, ureteroscopy, and laparoscopy in order to examine the innovations and technical contributions made within the subspecialty of endourology.
Results: A genuine selfless spirit has been ever-present among educators and thought leaders from the Endourology Society in the promotion of urologic education and technological advancements. The development of percutaneous renal surgery by Fernstrom, Smith, Clayman, Alken and Wickham involved the exchange of ideas between individuals from many nations. Despite initial criticism and skepticism, laparoscopy prevailed in an educational environment, becoming a global phenomenon. Worldwide collaboration has led to creation of four corporate sponsored international exchange fellowships in endourology devoted to the free exchange of ideas. The academic environment fostered by the Endourology Society has created bonds of friendship and cooperation between nations, often transcending political and religious differences.
Conclusions: The Endourology Society has uniquely promoted and maintained international participation and collaboration at the grassroots and organizational level. The fundamentals of the society continually echo the principles held by the 4th President of the United States, James Madison; liberty and learning must rely on each other for their mutual and surest support. Through education the Endourology Society has been a model for international relations.
Monday, Monday, May 22, 2006 4:50 PM
Forum: History of Urology (1:00 PM-5:30 PM)