Urethra-sparing minimally invasive simple prostatectomy: an old technique revisited.

The aim of this study was to review recent development in urethra and ejaculation preserving laparoscopic and robotic simple prostatectomy.

Since Madigan prostatectomy original description in 1990, to recent reports of robotic-assisted surgery using this urethra-sparing technique, many studies have suggested the advantages of the preservation of urethra, bladder neck and ejaculatory ducts, when removing adenomatous tissue in benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) surgery. Allying anatomical preservation of this structure with the well known benefits of minimally invasive procedures seems to reduce postoperative haematuria, obviating the need for bladder irrigation, with shorter catheterization and hospitalization times, less risk of urethral stricture and, of utmost importance, reducing rates of retrograde ejaculation.

Urethra and bladder neck sparing techniques, especially in minimally invasive simple prostatectomy procedures, seem to provide real benefits, not only in the maintenance of preoperative potency and antegrade ejaculation but also accomplishing better perioperative outcomes, with faster patient recovery, and less complications. These techniques might well be the future standard techniques for sexually active men with large benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) requiring surgery.

Current opinion in urology. 2021 Jan [Epub]

Andreia Cardoso, Estevao Lima

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, ICVS/3B's - Associate Lab. School of Medicine - University of Minho., CUF Urology, Lisbon.