Efficacy and safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate for elderly patients: surgical outcomes and King's Health Questionnaire.

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been a widely utilized minimally invasive surgical procedure for benign prostate hyperplasia. The current study aimed to compare surgical outcomes and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) assessment scores following HoLEP between younger men and those aged ≥75 years.

This prospective single-center study compared perioperative complications, postoperative urinary conditions, and KHQ scores (nine categories) between men aged ≥75 years (group A) and men aged <75 years (group B) before and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery.

A total of 100 patients were included for analysis (group A, n=38 and group B, n=62). No differences in patient backgrounds, perioperative complications, such as perioperative decrease in hemoglobin, postoperative fever, postoperative indwelling catheterization duration, or postoperative hospitalization duration, and KHQ were observed between both groups. Both groups showed significantly better International Prostate Symptom Scores, quality of life, maximum urinary flow rate, and postvoid residual volume 1, 3, and 6 months after HoLEP compared to their respective preoperative levels (P<0.01). Regarding KHQ categories, both groups showed significantly better general health perceptions, impact on life, emotions, and sleep/energy 1 month after HoLEP; role limitations, physical limitations, and social limitations 3 months after HoLEP; and personal relationships and incontinence severity measures 6 months after HoLEP compared to their respective preoperative levels (P<0.05).

HoLEP could be safe and effective even for men aged ≥75 years, comparing complications, urinary condition, and KHQ scores.

Translational andrology and urology. 2021 Feb [Epub]

Go Anan, Hiromichi Iwamura, Jotaro Mikami, Yuki Kohada, Jun Ito, Yasuhiro Kaiho, Makoto Sato

Department of Urology, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Sendai, Japan.

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