3D laparoscopic prostatectomy: A prospective single-surgeon learning curve in the first 200 cases with oncologic and functional results.

Studies for 3D-laparoscopic prostatectomy (3D-LRP) learning curve and surgical results are lacking. Combining 3D vision to LRP attenuates differences compared to Robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) with similar mini-invasiveness but lower costs.

Two hundred consecutive men with localized prostate cancer underwent 3D-LRP at Seinäjoki central hospital between 2013 and 2018. Oncological and functional results were documented. Long-term functional evaluation was done using EPIC-26 survey. Clavien-Dindo classification was used to assess complications during first 3 months. All operations were performed by a single surgeon (M.R.) with no experience of LRP or 3D-LRP. The learning curve was assessed by evaluating urethral anastomosis- and total operative time. Perioperative and postoperative data was collected prospectively during surgery and at subsequent control visits up to minimum of 1 year.

A plateau in anastomosis time was reached after 30 cases and in operative time after 60 cases. Median operative time was 114 min (78-258 min) and median time for anastomosis was 25 min (11-90 min). Median blood loss was 150 ml (10-800 ml); 93.5% of the patients were discharged within the first 3 days. Clavien-Dindo ≥3a complications occurred in 6.5%. Positive surgical margins occurred in 23%. One-year after the operation, 93.3% had PSA ≤ 0.1; 91.9% of the patients were dry or used one daytime pad. EPIC-26 scores were as follows: Urinary incontinence 79.25 (14.5-100), urinary irritative/obstructive 93.75 (31.25-100), bowel 100 (33.33-100), sexual 36.17 (0-100) and hormonal 95 (37.5-100).

The learning curve for 3D laparoscopic prostatectomy is comparable to RALP, which makes it a cost-effective alternative with comparable oncological and functional results.

Scandinavian journal of urology. 2021 Apr 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Henry Haapiainen, Teemu J Murtola, Mika Raitanen

Seinäjoki Central hospital, the hospital district of South Ostrobothnia, Finland.