Combined laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and recurrent urinary incontinence.

Laparoscopic sacral colpopexy (LSC) is the gold standard treatment for apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) has a high success rate in treating recurrent stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

To describe the first simultaneous LSC and AUS implantation through a vesicovaginal approach to the bladder neck.

Operation is performed through a transperitoneal approach. The rectovaginal space is created and the posterior mesh is fixed. The vesicovaginal and both laterovesical spaces are dissected. The vesicovaginal space is connected to both lateral spaces. This is main step of the procedure because it let us place the cuff around the bladder neck in a non-blind fashion. The anterior mesh is fixed to the vagina. The anterior side of the bladder neck is dissected and the cuff implanted. Both meshes are fixed to the promontory. Pressure-regulating balloon is inserted, the pump is placed in the labia majora and the components are connected. Peritoneum is closed.

Surgical time was 180 minutes, bladder catheter was removed at 5th postoperative day, hospital stay was 5 days. The AUS was activated 6 weeks after surgery. No perioperative complications occurred. After 12 months the patient is pad-free and prolapse was objectively and subjectively cured.

Vesicovaginal dissection is a shared step in this technique of LSC and AUS implantation. This approach could minimize the risk of bladder neck injury. We propose this technique in selected cases of prolapse and recurrent SUI.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2020 Dec 08 [Epub ahead of print]

M Ruiz-Hernández, L López-Fando, C Sánchez-Guerrero, Á Sánchez-González, A Artiles-Medina, M Santiago-González, M Á Jiménez-Cidre, F J Burgos-Revilla

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España. Electronic address: ., Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.