Ureteroscopic management of urolithiasis in pregnancy has been on the rise. Technological advancements such as the development of the semi-rigid or flexible ureteroscope, improvements in the design of baskets used for retrieval and the availability of laser have enabled atraumatic fragmentation of stones.
We did a systematic review of literature from January 1990 to December 2012. Data were analysed separately for the time period from January 1990 to June 2010 (Period 1) and for last 2.5 years from July 2010 to December 2012 (Period 2). Inclusion criteria were all English language articles with at least three patients reported. Data were extracted on the outcomes and complications reported in the literature. A total of 271 procedures (116 in period 1, 155 in period 2) across 21 studies were reported in the last 22 years. General anaesthesia was used in 38 % (44/116) in period 1 and in 64 % (99/155) in period 2. The average stone size (7.6 mm) and stone-free rate (SFR) (85 %) were similar in both time periods. Fluoroscopy was used in 20 % (23/116) and 24 % (38/155) in period 1 and 2, respectively. There were fewer complications in period 1 (n = 9) than period 2 (n = 25). These complications were divided into obstetric (n = 5) and non-obstetric complications (n = 29). There were no maternal or foetal deaths during the 22 years. Stone treatment using ureteroscopic techniques in pregnancy can achieve a high success rate. Evidence suggests a rise in the risk of complications with increasing number of these procedures in pregnancy.
Ishii H, Aboumarzouk OM, Somani BK Are you the author?
Department of Urology, University Hospital of Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, SO16 6YD, Southampton, UK
Reference: Urolithiasis. 2013 Dec 29. (Epub ahead of print)