Safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy as the treatment of choice for pelvic organ prolapse.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC)/laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy (LSH) at 1-year follow-up for female pelvic-organ prolapse (POP). Patients and methods: In all, 52 patients were included and underwent LSC/LSH in the Eldemerdash Hospital, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. All patients with POP, with Grade ≥II of any anatomical site (anterior, posterior or combined) who were medically fit for general anaesthesia, were included in the study. Patients with previous major abdominal surgery, a body mass index (BMI) of >40 kg/m2 or un-correctable bleeding diatheses, were excluded. Preoperative data, peri- and postoperative functional and anatomical outcomes were assessed. The patients were followed-up at 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Results: Pre- and postoperative data were available for the 52 patients operated on for POP. The subjective cure rate was 92.3% and the objective cure rate was 98.1%. Failure was defined as recurrence of Grade ≥II POP. Conclusion: LSC/LSH is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of female POP due to its durable results and low rates of complications with high objective and subjective cure rates. Abbreviations: BMI: body mass index; (RA)LSC: (robot-assisted) laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy; LSH: laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy; PFDI-20: Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory; PFIQ-7: Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire; POP: pelvic-organ prolapse; QoL: quality of life; SUI: stress urinary incontinence; TVM: total transvaginal mesh; VVP: vaginal vault prolapse.

Arab journal of urology. 2019 Apr 01*** epublish ***

Sherif Mourad, Hisham El Shawaf, Ahmed Farouk, Hisham Abdel Maged, Amr Noweir, Bruno Deval

Department of Urology, Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt., Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, Ramsay GDS, Paris V, France.