Strategies to optimize shock wave lithotripsy outcome: Patient selection and treatment parameters - Abstract

Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) was introduced in 1980, modernizing the treatment of upper urinary tract stones, and quickly became the most commonly utilized technique to treat kidney stones.

Over the past 5-10 years, however, use of SWL has been declining because it is not as reliably effective as more modern technology. SWL success rates vary considerably and there is abundant literature predicting outcome based on patient- and stone-specific parameters. Herein we discuss the ways to optimize SWL outcomes by reviewing proper patient selection utilizing stone characteristics and patient features. Stone size, number, location, density, composition, and patient body habitus and renal anatomy are all discussed. We also review the technical parameters during SWL that can be controlled to improve results further, including type of anesthesia, coupling, shock wave rate, focal zones, pressures, and active monitoring. Following these basic principles and selection criteria will help maximize success rate.

Written by:
Semins MJ, Matlaga BR.   Are you the author?
University of Pittsurgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States.

Reference: World J Nephrol. 2015 May 6;4(2):230-4.
doi: 10.5527/wjn.v4.i2.230

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25949936 Endourology Section