Modified ileal conduit intracorporeally accomplished following laparoscopic radical cystectomy with enhanced recovery protocols: experience with 48 cases.

This study introduces the results of laparoscopic radical cystectomy with modified intracorporeal ileal conduit (mICIC), which was accompanied by enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols.

From March 2014 to June 2020, 48 patients underwent mICIC. Patients were divided into ERAS (n=17) and non-ERAS groups (n=31). Baseline and perioperative variables were analyzed. The primary outcome was 90-day complications. Secondary outcomes were operative time, length of stay, two-year overall survival, cancer-specific survival, and disease-free survival.

Forty-eight patients underwent intracorporeal ileal conduit with no transition to open surgery. Twenty-five patients (52.1%) experienced at least one complication, including 22 minor cases (45.8%) and three major cases (6.2%). The median operative time, urinary diversion time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were 320 min, 135 min, 200 mL, and 10.5 days, respectively. The median time to flatus and normal diet were two days and three days, respectively. A comparison between ERAS and non-ERAS groups indicated that ERAS implementation was associated with less complications (29.4% vs. 64.5%, P=0.018), faster time to flatus (2 vs. 3 days, P=0.016) and liquid diet (2 vs. 4 days, P<0.001). The results of hydronephrosis and compromised renal function showed no difference between the preoperative period and six months after surgery. The mean follow-up time was 25.4 months, and the two-year overall survival, cancer-specific survival, and disease-free survival rates were 61.3%, 73.2%, and 58.4%, respectively.

The complication rate and operative time of the mICIC were acceptable. Clinical outcomes can be optimized with ERAS pathway.

Translational andrology and urology. 2021 Apr [Epub]

Houyi Wei, Mingshuai Wang, Wahafu Wasilijiang, Wei Wang, Xing Guan, Xiaoguang Zhou, Liming Song, Nianzeng Xing, Yinong Niu

Institute of Urology, Capital Medical University, Department of Urology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China., Department of Urology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.