INTRODUCTION Minimally invasive surgical therapies for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are popular alternatives to the gold standard transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). These procedures have fewer discernable side effects on urinary and sexual function, when compared to TURP, making it a desirable option for many patients.
We provide an updated literature review on the current landscape of minimally invasive modalities, specifically the prostatic urethral lift (UroLift) and water vapor thermal therapy (Rezum), for the surgical treatment of BPH.
Both UroLift and Rezum have demonstrated excellent efficacy and durability in relieving lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the BPH patient. When compared to TURP, these minimally invasive therapies can be performed in an outpatient setting, with decreased hospitalization, operative and catheterization times, which minimizes overall healthcare costs. Moreover, these therapies have no discernable adverse effects on sexual function (both ejaculatory and erectile) or sexual satisfaction, making it a desirable option for many patients.
Both the UroLift and Rezum are office-based, minimally invasive techniques capable of providing durable, and significant relief of LUTS secondary to BPH. In select patients, they demonstrate comparable efficacy to TURP with the added advantage of preserving sexual function and minimizing patient morbidity and healthcare cost. An individualized, shared decision-making approach is essential in selecting the optimal treatment option for each patient.
The Canadian journal of urology. 2021 Aug [Epub]
Joon Yau Leong, Anthony T Tokarski, Claus G Roehrborn, Akhil K Das
Department of Urology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.