Risk factors for formation of steinstrasse after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for pediatric renal calculi: A multivariate analysis model - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To define various stone, renal and therapy factors that could affect steinstrasse (SS) formation after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for pediatric kidney stones.

Thus, SS could be anticipated and prophylactically avoided

METHODS: From January 1999 through December 2012, 317 children underwent SWL with Dornier Lithotripter S for the treatment of renal stones. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses of patients, stones and therapy characteristics in relation to the incidence of SS were performed to detect the factors that had a significant impact on SS formation.

RESULTS: The overall incidence of SS was 8.5 %. The steinstrasse was in the pelvic ureter in 74.1 % of the cases, lumbar ureter in 18.5 % and iliac ureter in 7.4 %. Steinstrasse incidence significantly correlated with stone size, site and age of child. Steinstrasse was more common with increasing stone length and stones located in renal pelvis or upper calyx with the age below 4 years. A statistical model was constructed to estimate the risk of steinstrasse formation accurately. The equation for logistic regression is Z = -4.758 + B for age + B for size stone X length in mm + B for stone site.

CONCLUSIONS: The stone size, site and age are the most important risk factors responsible for SS formation in children. Our regression analysis model can help with prospective identification of children who will be at risk of SS formation. Those children at high risk of SS formation should be closely monitored or treated by endoscopic maneuvers from the start.

Written by:
El-Assmy A, El-Nahas AR, Elsaadany MM, El-Halwagy S, Sheir KZ.   Are you the author?
Urology and Nephrology Center, Urology Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.  

Reference: Int Urol Nephrol. 2015 Apr;47(4):573-7.
doi: 10.1007/s11255-015-0938-8

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25737073

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