Outcomes of Prophylactic Mid-Urethral Sling at the Time of Robotic Sacrocolpopexy.

To compare outcomes of patients who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) with and without concomitant mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement for prophylaxis or treatment of pre-operative stress urinary incontinence (SUI) METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients without prior incontinence procedures who underwent RSC with or without MUS placement by three surgeons (JA, LA, KE) at a single institution from 2012 to 2017 for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

Patients had a MUS placed for either documented SUI or prophylaxis of SUI. We compared patient characteristics, operative details, post-operative outcomes, and complications between the two groups.

A total of 134 patients were identified. 58 (43%) had a MUS placed for documented SUI, 43 (32%) had prophylactic MUS, and 33 (25%) did not have a MUS placed. There were no differences in baseline characteristics between the three groups. Patients who did not have a MUS placed had less estimated blood loss (76.4 vs 63.8 vs 36.9 mL, p=0.018) but no difference in operative time (p=0.408), length of stay (p=0.427), or post-operative urinary retention (p=0.988). A total of 4 (7%) patients who had a MUS placed for SUI had persistent SUI post-operatively. There were 2 (5%) patients who had a MUS placed prophylactically and 4 (12%) patients who did not have a MUS that developed de novo SUI.

In this series, we demonstrate the safety and efficacy of prophylactic MUS placement at the time of RSC. Randomized studies evaluating concomitant prophylactic sling at time of robotic sacrocolpopexy could further guide pre-operative patient counseling and decision-making.

Urology. 2020 Jul 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Carrie A Stewart, Shreeya Popat, Hanson Zhao, Kai Dallas, Gabriela Gonzalez, Christopher Gonzales-Alabastro, A Lenore Ackerman, Eilber Karyn, Jennifer T Anger

Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., UCLA School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., UCLA School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA. Electronic address: .

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