This article aims to demonstrate a step-by-step technique of semirigid ureteroscopy (URS) for the treatment of ureteral stones, urothelial tumors, and ureteral stenosis. Operating room setup, camera settings, access to the bladder, and negotiation of the ureteral orifice, lasertripsy, basketing of the stone fragments, endoscopic treatment of ureteral tumors and ureteral stenosis, flexible URS at the end of semirigid URS, and Double-J stent placement are described step by step.
Journal of endourology. 2020 May [Epub]
Guido Giusti, Silvia Proietti, Moises Elias Rodríguez-Socarrás, Giuseppe Saitta, Piera Bellinzoni, Franco Gaboardi
Department of Urology, San Raffaele Hospital, Ville Turro Division, Milan, Italy.