Robotic-assisted laparoscopic artificial urinary sphincter and MACE procedure on a pediatric patient

To describe robotic-assisted laparoscopic artificial urinary sphincter (RAL-AUS) placement and a Malone antegrade continent enema (MACE) procedure on a 6-year-old girl.

Our patient is a 6-year-old girl with myelomeningocele. She was totally incontinent of urine and chronic constipated despite aggressive bowel regimen. Preoperative workup included renal and bladder ultrasound showing normal findings. Video-urodynamics was also obtained showing low leak point pressure (25 cm H2O) with no reflux. RAL-AUS was performed totally intra-corporally with no complications. The total operative time was 5 h 42 min. Estimated blood loss was minimal. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 4 with the AUS deactivated. Follow-up cystoscopy and activation of the AUS was done 6 weeks later. At 3-month follow-up, the patient was fully recovered and remained completely dry between voids. Also her bowel movements improved significantly with the MACE. Both patient and family appeared comfortable in using the AUS.

To our knowledge, this is the first case described of RAL-AUS placement in the pediatric population. We believe this can be safely accomplished with good outcomes. The robotic approach provides an advantage in performing deep pelvic surgeries and facilitates concomitant intra-abdominal procedures.

Journal of pediatric urology. 2017 Jul 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, Natalia Ballesteros, Abd-El-Rahman Abd-El-Barr, Mariarita Salvitti, Miguel Castellan

Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Pediatric Urology Department, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address: ., Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Pediatric Urology Department, Miami, FL, USA.