Urologic stenting-induced trauma: A comprehensive review and case series - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize traumatic injuries secondary to ureteral stent manipulation and analyze factors associated with their occurrence.

METHODS: We performed a comprehensive retrospective review of the literature and of our institutional records for occurrences of iatrogenic injury because of retrograde ureteral stent procedures.

RESULTS: Overall, 22 cases were identified, including 3 cases at our institution. Most injuries involved a major artery (52%) or vein (30%), with the remainder (17%) limited to the genitourinary tract. Associated factors included: hydronephrosis, pelvic malignancy, indwelling or chronic ureteral stents, chemoradiation, and urinary diversion.

CONCLUSION: Ureteral stenting-induced trauma is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Recognition of the risk factors that predispose patients to iatrogenic stent trauma may help to prevent such injuries or, alternatively, it may facilitate their prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Written by:
Maurice MJ, Cherullo EE.   Are you the author?
Urology Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

Reference: Urology. 2014 Apr 15. pii: S0090-4295(14)00043-0.
doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2014.01.009

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24745795

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