Laparoscopic retroperitoneal dismembered pyeloplasty: Single-center experience in China - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report on our experience with laparoscopic retroperitoneal dismembered pyeloplasty in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction.

Special attention was paid to the technical features associated with the procedure.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From May 2004 to April 2012, in total, 117 consecutive patients (64 men and 53 women) with a mean age of 33.5 years (range, 12-60 years) underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal dismembered pyeloplasty for symptomatic and radiologically proved UPJ obstruction. Follow-up studies were performed with diuretic renography at 3 and 6 months postoperatively and annually thereafter. Success was defined as symptomatic relief and improvement of the diuresis renogram without evidence of obstructed drainage.

RESULTS: The mean operative time was 170 minutes (range, 90-310 minutes), and the mean estimated blood loss was 40 mL (range, 20-100 mL). Crossing vessels were encountered in 21 patients (18.0%). In all cases, the ureter was transposed anteriorly. From 9 patients, including 4 cases of horseshoe kidney, coexisting renal calculi were successfully removed. The mean hospital stay was 7 days (range, 5-14 days). There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative complication was recorded in 2 patients with leakage at the anastomosis. Seven patients developed anastomotic strictures, which required open surgery or ureteral stent. The success rate was 94% (110/117) at a mean follow-up of 43 months (range, 3-95 months).

CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, laparoscopic retroperitoneal dismembered pyeloplasty is effective and feasible. With the improvement of technique, we believe that it would become a new standard treatment for UPJ obstruction.

Written by:
Hao G, Xiao J, Yang P, Shen H.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Reference: J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2013 Jan;23(1):38-41.
doi: 10.1089/lap.2012.0360

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23198954 Endourology Section