Subsequently, we have found iVR to be of value also in the planning and execution of laparoscopic/robotic partial nephrectomy and in donor nephrectomy. What has been most striking is that the viewing of the iVR immediately prior to surgery has resulted in the surgeon altering the operative approach in 40-65% of cases! The next step is to further test the hypothesis that iVR is beneficial prior to surgery via a prospective randomized study for patients scheduled for percutaneous stone removal, partial nephrectomy, or donor nephrectomy. Simultaneously we are working with computer scientists at UCI to develop a method to make the conversion of CT or MR images into an interactive, immersive VR experience less time consuming as it currently requires 1-2 hours to accomplish.
Written by: Ralph V. Clayman, M.D. Professor, Department of Urology Dean – emeritus, University of California, Irvine, Department of Urology, Orange, CA
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