Radical nephro-ureterectomy and bladder cuff excision (RNUBCE) is the gold standard treatment for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). RNUBCE can be performed via an open, laparoscopic or robot-assisted approach. The primary objective of this narrative mini-review is to report the techniques and outcomes for robot-assisted RNUBCE in the published literature. Relevant articles were selected utilizing the following search categories: "robot nephro-ureterectomy", "robot-assisted nephro-ureterectomy", and "robot upper tract urothelial carcinoma". Different techniques in terms of patient positioning, port placement, lymph node dissection, and bladder cuff excision have been reported in the literature. Despite these varied techniques, perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic RNUBCE are favorable. In all, a total of 204 patients underwent RNUBCE, with a mean operating room time of 229.7min, mean blood loss of 189ml, and mean length of stay of 3.65 d. Further studies are needed to validate oncologic outcomes.
Patients with high-risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma require complete removal of the kidney, ureter, and bladder cuff, along with a lymph node dissection. Although the procedure can be performed via an open approach, minimally-invasive surgery represents an alternative. Herein, we describe the techniques and outcomes of robot-assisted radical nephro-ureterectomy and bladder cuff excision.
European urology focus. 2018 Aug 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Ram A Pathak, Ashok K Hemal
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USA., Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Electronic address: .