This review focuses on the role of endoscopic treatment of ureteral stricture disease (USD) in the era of minimally invasive surgery.
There is a relative paucity of recent literature regarding the endoscopic treatment of USD. Laser endopyelotomy and balloon dilation are associated with good outcomes in treatment-naïve patients with short (< 2 cm), non-ischemic, benign ureteral strictures with a functional renal unit. If stricture recurs, repetitive dilation and laser endopyleotomy is not recommended, as success rates are low in this scenario. Patients with low-complexity ureteroenteric strictures and transplant strictures may benefit from endoscopic treatment options, although formal reconstruction offers higher rates of success. Formal ureteral reconstruction remains the gold-standard treatment for ureteral stricture disease as it is associated with higher rates of complete resolution. However, in carefully selected patients, endoscopic treatment modalities provide a low-cost, low-morbidity alternative.
Current urology reports. 2018 Mar 02*** epublish ***
Jacob W Lucas, Eric Ghiraldi, Jeffrey Ellis, Justin I Friedlander
Department of Urology, Einstein Healthcare Network, 1200 Tabor Road, 3rd Floor Sley Building, Philadelphia, PA, 19141, USA., Department of Urology, Einstein Healthcare Network, 1200 Tabor Road, 3rd Floor Sley Building, Philadelphia, PA, 19141, USA. .