Lasers in laparoscopic and robotic surgery: is there a need for them.

The application of lasers in treating urological disorders is a developing area. In the laparoscopic and robotic surgery, laser energy is not so popular as in the treatment of stone disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia. The aim of this review is to clarify the current status of laser applications in laparoscopic and robotic urology.

Laser welding of the pyeloureteral anastomosis is not performed in routine clinical practice. Most investigation of laser applications in laparoscopic and robotic urology has centered on laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. Much less work has been done with regard to lower tract laser laparoscopic and robotic applications. However, laser laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has been investigated.

Current literature regarding lasers in laparoscopic and robotic surgery is extremely limited. Available data consist mostly of small cohorts providing a low level of evidence. Even though initial studies with currently available laser modalities demonstrated promising results, several drawbacks in each technique need to be addressed before being widely accepted as a standard care. Despite investigation, laser usage during laparoscopic and robotic urological procedures has not gained widespread acceptance and remains experimental at this time.

Current opinion in urology. 2021 Dec 24 [Epub ahead of print]

Dmitry Y Pushkar, Konstantin B Kolontarev

Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russian Federation.

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