The effect of preoperative urine culture and bacterial species on infection after percutaneous nephrolithotomy for patients with upper urinary tract stones.

To study the relationship between preoperative urine culture, bacterial species and infection after percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with upper urinary tract stones, and summarize the clinical characteristics of different bacterial infections. From January 2014 and January 2020, 963 patients with upper urinary tract stones who underwent PCNL in the department of urology of Fujian provincial hospital were included in the study. Information included the patient's age, gender, weight, diabetes, chronic disease history, urine routine, preoperative urine culture results, stone size, number of stones, hydronephrosis level, operation time, body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, hemoglobin, serum creatinine, bilirubin, platelets and whether there was preoperative infection were recorded. 141 patients (14.6%) had a positive urine culture before surgery, and 7 of them had multiple bacterial infections. The most common pathogenic bacteria was Escherichia coli, followed by Enterococcus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. A total of 74 cases (7.7%) of 963 patients with infection after PCNL occurred, 24 cases (32.4%) of infected patients progressed to urinary septic shock. Univariate analysis shown that the probability of infection in patients with long operation time and positive urine culture was significantly higher, and the difference was statistically significant. Further multivariate logistic regression analysis shown that positive urine culture before operation and long operation time were independent risk factors for infection after PCNL. Among the 29 patients with septic shock, 18 cases (62.1%) had a positive urine culture before surgery. The incidence (43.9%) of postoperative infection in Escherichia coli positive patients was significantly higher than that in the negative group, and the difference was statistically significant. The rate of patients with Escherichia coli infection progressing to septic shock was 9 cases (60%). 2 patients with Enterococcus faecium infection and 2 patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection all progressed to septic shock. The age of patients with post-PCNL infection caused by Escherichia Coli, Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 58.53 ± 11.73 years, 76.5 years and 74 years.The body temperature of patients with post-PCNL infection caused by Escherichia Coli, Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 39.10 ± 0.25 °C, 39.45 °C and 38.65 °C. The highest pct value of patients with post-PCNL infection caused by Escherichia Coli, Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 80.62 ± 31.45 ng/mL, 24.32 ng/mL and 8.45 ng/mL. The nitrite positive rate of patients with post-PCNL infection caused by Escherichia Coli, Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 64.51%, 16.6% and 0. Postoperative infection of PCNL is significantly correlated with positive preoperative urine culture, and positive preoperative urine culture is an independent risk factor for postoperative infection. The most common pathogen of postoperative infection of PCNL is Escherichia coli, followed by Enterococcus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Patients with Escherichia coli infection are often positive for nitrite before surgery, mainly manifested by high fever, and PCT is significantly increased (often exceeded 100 ng/ml). Enterococcus faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae infections mostly occur in elderly patients and often progress to septic shock. Patients with Enterococcus faecium infection have a high fever, and the PCT value is significantly higher (often exceeded 20 ng/ml). Patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection have a moderate fever, and the PCT value generally does not exceeded 10 ng/ml. Long operation time is another independent risk factor for PCNL infection.

Scientific reports. 2022 Mar 22*** epublish ***

Zesong Yang, Ding Lin, Yun Hong, Minxiong Hu, Wanghai Cai, Honghong Pan, Qiuyan Li, Jiexiang Lin, Liefu Ye

Department of Urology, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350001, China., Department of Urology, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350001, China. .

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