[Molecular and genetic technologies for the diagnosis of monogenic forms of urinary stone disease: clinical cases].

Kidney stone disease (KSD) is an actual problem of modern health care. By now, more than 80 monogenic forms of urolithiasis have been described. To diagnose such forms of KSD different molecular genetic technologies are used. In the current article 5 clinical cases of KSD among the patients aged 1-9 years old are presented. All of them underwent comprehensive instrumental, clinical, laboratory and molecular genetic investigations. DNA analysis was carried out by Next Generation Sequencing method (NGS) (target NGS-panels and Whole Exome Sequencing). In all cases the molecular genetic cause of the disease was found - idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia type 1 (gene CYP24A1 - 3 cases) and cystinuria (gene SLC7A9 - 2 case). Several unknown genetic variants were found in CYP24A1 (c.1379G>T, c.1156A>T, c.1286T>C) and SLC7A9 (c.920T>A). The importance of genetic testing and the role of genetic counseling for patients with KSD were shown.

Urologiia (Moscow, Russia : 1999). 2020 Jun [Epub]

M M Litvinova, T V Filippova, D V Svetlichnaya, S L Morozov, I S Chugunov, S Z Nuralieva, V I Rudenko, Z K Gadzhieva, T I Subbotina, M V Shumikhina

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.