The impact of COVID-19 outbreak on urolithiasis emergency department admissions, hospitalizations and clinical management in central Italy: a multicentric analysis.

We aimed to evaluate how the corona virus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak influenced emergency department (ED) admissions for urolithiasis, hospitalizations and clinical management of the hospitalized patients.

We conducted a multicentric retrospective analysis of ED admissions in three high volume urology departments (one directly involved in COVID-19 patients management and two not involved) in Rome - Italy between March and April 2020 and in the same period of 2019. Statistical analysis was conducted on the number of admissions for urolithiasis, rate of complications, hospitalization and the type of treatment received.

304 patients were included in the analysis. A significant reduction in the global number of patients admitted to ED for urolithiasis between 2019 and 2020 (48.8%) was noted. Moreover, regarding the choice of treatment of hospitalized patients, a statistically significant increase of stone removal procedures versus urinary drainage was reported in 2020 (p = 0.015).

During the COVID-19 pandemic in Rome there has been a significant reduction of emergency admissions for urolithiasis. Patients admitted to ED had more complications, more frequently need hospitalization and regarding clinical management early stone removal was preferred over urinary drainage only. All the urologists should be aware that in the next months they could face an increased number of admissions for urolithiasis and manage more complicated cases.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2020 Jul 03 [Epub ahead of print]

M Antonucci, S M Recupero, V Marzio, M De Dominicis, F Pinto, N Foschi, L Di Gianfrancesco, P Bassi, M Ragonese

Departamento de Urología, Ospedale Cristo Re, Roma, Italia. Electronic address: ., Departamento de Urología, Ospedale Fatebenefratelli San Giovanni Calibita, Roma, Italia., Residente de Urología, Sapienza Università di Roma, Roma, Italia., Departamento de Urología, Ospedale Cristo Re, Roma, Italia., Departamento de Urología, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italia.