Defining the Rate of Negative Ureteroscopy in the General Population Treated for Upper Tract Urinary Stone Disease.

Ureteroscopy is increasingly used to treat upper tract urinary stone disease. A negative ureteroscopy is a ureteroscopy performed with the intent of removing a kidney or ureteral stone, but in which ultimately no stone is removed.

Negative ureteroscopy may occur when the stone is found to have already passed, or the presumed stone is found to be outside of the collecting system. We sought to determine the rate of negative ureteroscopy in a large population-based sample as well as factors associated with its use.

We examined non-public data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning Database (OSHPD) for all patients in California undergoing outpatient surgery from 2010-2012. We identified all patients with an ICD-9 diagnosis code for upper tract urinary stone disease that underwent a ureteroscopic procedure. After excluding patients undergoing second look procedures or who had diagnosis codes for separate urologic pathology, the negative ureteroscopy rate was defined as the proportion of those ureteroscopy cases coded as a diagnostic ureteroscopy. We fit logistic regression models to evaluate patient factors associated with negative ureteroscopy.

During the years 2010-2012, 20,236 eligible patients underwent ureteroscopic procedures for upper tract stone disease. Of these, 1,287 patients underwent diagnostic ureteroscopy and 19,039 underwent ureteroscopy with stone removal accounting for a negative ureteroscopy rate of 6.3%. The odds of receipt of a negative ureteroscopy rate were higher in females compared to males (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.25-1.58) and lower in self-pay patients compared with insured patients (OR = 0.55, 95% CI 0.33 to 0.91).

Negative ureteroscopy is common, occurring in nearly one in sixteen procedures to treat urinary stone disease.

Journal of endourology. 2017 Jan 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Remy W Lamberts, Simon L Conti, John T Leppert, Christopher S Elliott

Stanford Hospital and Clinics, 10623, Urology , Grant s-287 , 300 Pasteur Rd , Stanford, California, United States , 94305-2200 ; ., Stanford Hospital and Clinics, 10623, Urology, Stanford, California, United States ; ., Stanford University School of Medicine, Urology , Room S-287 , 300 Pasteur Drive , Stanford, California, United States , 94305 ; ., Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, 14454, Urology, San Jose, California, United States.

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