Objective: To evaluate in vitro and in vivo effects of Moses technology in Holmium laser and to compare it with the Regular mode in terms of lithotripsy efficiency and laser-tissue interactions.
Methods: The Lumenis® Pulse™ P120H holmium laser system together with Moses D/F/L fibers were used to compare the Regular mode with the Moses modes in stone retropulsion by using a high-speed camera, and stone ablation efficiency. In addition, a porcine ureteroscopy model was used to assess stone fragmentation and dusting as well as laser-tissue interaction with the ureteral wall.
Results: After a laser pulse, in vitro stone displacement experiments showed a significant reduction in retropulsion when using the Moses mode. The stone movement was reduced by 50 times at 0.8 J and 10 Hz (p < 0.01). The pronounced reduction of retropulsion in the Moses mode was clearly observed during fragmentation setting (high energy) and dusting (low energy, high Hz). In addition, stone fragmentation tests showed that the Moses modes resulted in a significantly higher ablation volume when compared with the Regular mode (160% higher; p < 0.001). In vivo assessment also supported the reduction in retropulsion when treating stones in the porcine kidney. Histological analysis of the porcine ureter after direct lasing in the Moses mode suggested less damage than in the Regular mode.
Conclusions: The Moses technology resulted in more efficient laser lithotripsy, in addition to significantly reduced stone retropulsion, and displayed a margin of safety that may result in a shorter procedural time and safer lithotripsy.
Read a Commentary by Shadi Badaan, MD
J Endourol. 2017 Jun 1; 31(6): 598–604. Published online 2017 Jun 1. doi: 10.1089/end.2017.0050
Mostafa M. Elhilali, MD, PhD, FRCSC,1 Shadie Badaan, MD,2 Ahmed Ibrahim, MD, MSc,1,3 and Sero Andonian, MD, MSc, FRSC, FACS1
1.Department of Urology, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada.
2.Department of Urology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
3.Department of Urology, Alhussain University Hospital, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.