Fragmentation targeted at preferred discontinuities: A new concept in endolithotripsy with Holmium laser:YAG

There are currently 3holmium laser, YAG (Ho:YAG) endolithotripsy procedures that are considered basic (fragmentation, pulverisation, "pop-corn" technique). We present the technique of fragmentation targeted at preferred discontinuities (FTPD), a new concept of endolithotripsy by Ho:YAG laser.

The FTPD technique is based on the selective application of energy (targeting a specific preselected point) to an area that is visually prone to the formation of a fracture line or preferred discontinuity (conditioned by the anisotropy of the urolithiasis). The ideal energy regimen (setting) is a high range of working energy (2-3J) with a very low frequency range (5-8Hz) and short pulse width. Between January 2015 to February 2017, the FTPD technique was used in 37 procedures (7 NLP, 16 RIRS, 12 URS, 2 cystolithotomies), with a Ho:YAG laser (Lumenis Pulse 120H®, Tel-Aviv, Israel). Maximum power used: 24W (3J/8Hz) with fibres of 365μ and 273μ (URS, RIRS), and 32W (4J/8Hz) with fibres of 550μ (NLP, cystolithotomy).

Strategic improvement was achieved in all cases using the TFPD technique to continue the endolithotripsy or remove fragments. No complications were recorded after the use of this method.

FTPD can be considered a complementary option in combination with the basic methods of fragmentation and pulverisation. In our experience, it constitutes significant progress in optimising the performance of Ho:YAG laser endolithotripsy.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2018 Apr 17 [Epub ahead of print]

F M Sánchez-Martín, E Emiliani, E Pueyo-Morer, O Angerri-Feu, F Sanguedolce, F Millán, H Villavicencio

Unidad de Litiasis, Servicio de Urología, Fundacio Puigvert, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: ., Unidad de Litiasis, Servicio de Urología, Fundacio Puigvert, Barcelona, España., Unidad asociada Ciencias de la Tierra, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España-Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, España.